The Earth Surface Processes group investigates coastal Natural Hazards, Climate Change at different time-scales and hydrological Resources. The group measures, monitors and models external geodynamics from source to sink, at the interface biosphere-lithosphere-hydrosphere using expertise in coastal processes, geomorphology, engineering geology, hydrogeology, paleontology, sedimentology, remote sensing/geospatial information.

Group Leaders: Pedro Costa and Mário Cachão.


Scientific Highlights 2017

Coastal morphodynamics

IDL developed models to assess impacts of storm events and climate change on coastal systems, including vulnerability mapping methods for both sandy and rocky coasts and methods to evaluate changes in low energy intertidal domains. New conceptual models were developed, challenging existing forcing-response mechanisms (e.g. platform beaches, saltmarshes), based on a better understanding of system functioning and sensitivity to environmental changes, and supported by extensive monitoring based on standard acquisition techniques and state-of-the-art observation systems developed within the research team.

 

 

Tsunami deposit research

 

IDL  developed sedimentological methodologies (e.g. microtextural analysis, high-resolution digital image analysis and geochemistry XRF – analyses, heavy minerals, magnetic susceptibility, micromorphology, ground penetrating radar, etc.) to study tsunami and storm deposits, with a focus on Holocene cases in Portugal, Scotland, Chile, Japan, Indonesia, and the USA. The group also developed numerical and physical modelling (e.g. wave tanks and sediment transport modelling software). This approach allowed for improved reconstructions of past tsunami and storm variables, such as run-up height, sediment provenance, inundation extent, and backwash and inundation phases.

 

Members

Ana Catarina Medeiros

PhD Student

anamedeiros@tecnico.ulisboa.pt

Ana Cunha

PhD Student

agcunha@fc.ul.pt

Ana Isabel Santos

PhD Student

ana.santos@hidrografico.pt
+351210943101

Ana Maria Costa

PhD Student

amccosta@fc.ul.pt

Ana Nobre Silva

Postdoctoral Researcher

amasilva@ciencias.ulisboa.pt

Anabela Cruces

Senior Researcher

acruces@fc.ul.pt

Áurea Narciso

Collaborator

Carlos Antunes

Senior Researcher

cmantunes@fc.ul.pt

Carlos Marques da Silva

Senior Researcher

cmsilva@fc.ul.pt
++ 21 750 03 56

Carlos Melo

PhD Student

csmelo@fc.ul.pt

Catarina Silva

Collaborator

César Andrade

Senior Researcher

candrade@fc.ul.pt

Cristina Catita

Senior Researcher

cmcatita@fc.ul.pt

Cristina Ponte Lira

Postdoctoral Researcher

fclira@fc.ul.pt

Elisabete Malafaia

Postdoctoral Researcher

efmalafaia@fc.ul.pt

Fernando Marques

Senior Researcher

fsmarques@fc.ul.pt

Gonçalo Prista

PhD Student

gaprista@fc.ul.pt

Helder I. Chaminé

Collaborator

hic@isep.ipp.pt

Ivana Bosnic

Postdoctoral Researcher

ibosnic@fc.ul.pt

João Cascalho

Senior Researcher

jpcascalho@fc.ul.pt
+351914238447

Manel Leira

Postdoctoral Researcher

manel.leira@fc.ul.pt

Maria da Conceição Freitas

Senior Researcher

cfreitas@fc.ul.pt

Maria do Rosário de Carvalho

Senior Researcher

mdrcarvalho@fc.ul.pt

Maria Isabel Fernandes

Senior Researcher

mifernandes@fc.ul.pt
+351917776532

Mário Cachão

Senior Researcher

mcachao@fc.ul.pt

Miguel Inácio

PhD student

mfinacio@fc.ul.pt

Mónica Ribeiro

PhD Student

msribeiro@fc.ul.pt

Paula Redweik

Senior Researcher

pmredweik@fc.ul.pt

Pedro Costa

Postdoctoral Research

ppcosta@ciencias.ulisboa.pt

Pedro Mocho

Collaborator

pmocho@nhm.org

Pedro Pereira

Collaborator

pedro.pereira@uab.pt

Ricardina Fialho

PhD Student

rioseaquiferos@gmail.com

Rita Lamas

PhD Student

rita_rocha_lamas@hotmail.com

Rui Taborda

Senior Researcher

rtaborda@fc.ul.pt

Sara Medeiros

PhD student

sara.mt.medeiros@uac.pt

Sofia Pereira

Researcher

ardi_eu@hotmail.com
00351917054268

Soraia Romão

PhD Student

srromao@fc.ul.pt

Tanya Silveira

Postdoctoral Researcher

tmsilveira@fc.ul.pt

Teresa Drago

Senior Researcher

mtdpereira@fc.ul.pt
+351.281326951

Umberto Andriolo

PhD Student

uandriolo@fc.ul.pt

Vera Paio Lopes

Research Technician

vplopes@fc.ul.pt

Violeta Ramos

Collaborator

violetaimramos@yahoo.com

Collaborations

Câmara Municipal de Almada, Portugal
Instituto Hidrográfico, Portugal
Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (CSIC), Spain
Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Portugal
Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Portugal
UNED Madrid, Spain
United States Geological Survey
Universidad de Cantábria, Spain
Universidad de Extremadura, Spain
Universidad de Huelva, Spain
Universidad de Salamanca, Spain
Universidade Agostinho Neto, Angola
Universidade da Coruña, Spain
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
University of Bremen, Germany
University of Cincinnati, USA
University of Dundee, Scotland
University of Geneva, Switzerland
University of Parma, Italy
University of Vigo, Spain
Williams College, United States

Publications

2018

Carballeira, R., Leira, M., López-Rodríguez, M.C., Otero, X.L., 2018. Attheya armata along the European Atlantic coast – The turn of the screw on the causes of “surf diatom”. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 204, 114-129.

Bastos, A.P.; Ponte Lira, C.; Calvão, J.; Catalão, J.; Andrade, C.; Pereira, A.J.; Taborda, R.; Rato, D.; Pinho, P., and Correia, O., 2018. UAV Derived Information Applied to the Morphological Study of Slow-changing Dune Systems. Journal of Coastal Research,SI 85,226–230. DOI: 10.2112/SI85-046.1.

Costa, P.J.M., Gelfenbaum, G., Dawson, S., La Selle, S., Milne, F., Cascalho, J., Lira, C.P., Andrade, C., Freitas, M.C., Jaffe, B., 2018. The application of microtextural and heavy mineral analysis to discriminate between storm and tsunami deposits, Geological Society Special Publication, pp. 167-190.

Figueiredo, P.M., Rockwell, T.K., Cabral, J., Ponte Lira, C., 2018. Morphotectonics in a low tectonic rate area: Analysis of the southern Portuguese Atlantic coastal region.

Jesus, C.C., Oliveira, S.C., Sena, C., Marques, F., 2018. Understanding constraints and triggering factors of landslides: Regional and local perspectives on a drainage basin. Geosciences (Switzerland), 8(1).

Johnson, M.E., Baarli, B.G., Cachão, M., Mayoral, E., Ramalho, R.S., Santos, A., da Silva, C.M., 2018. On the rise and fall of oceanic islands: Towards a global theory following the pioneering studies of Charles Darwin and James Dwight Dana. Earth-Science Reviews, 180, 17-36.

Mantzouki, E., Lürling, M., Fastner, J., de Senerpont Domis, L., Wilk-Woźniak, E., Koreivienė, J., Seelen, L., Teurlincx, S., Verstijnen, Y., Krztoń, W., Walusiak, E., Karosienė, J., Kasperoviienė, J., Savadova, K., Vitonytė, I., Cillero-Castro, C., Budzynska, A., Goldyn, R., Kozak, A., Rosińska, J., Szeląg-Wasielewska, E., Domek, P., Jakubowska-Krepska, N., Kwasizur, K., Messyasz, B., Pełechata, A., Pełechaty, M., Kokocinski, M., García-Murcia, A., Real, M., Romans, E., Noguero-Ribes, J., Duque, D.P., Fernández-Morán, E., Karakaya, N., Häggqvist, K., Demir, N., Beklioğlu, M., Filiz, N., Levi, E.E., Iskin, U., Bezirci, G., Tavşanoğlu, Ü.N., Özhan, K., Gkelis, S., Panou, M., Fakioglu, Ö., Avagianos, C., Kaloudis, T., Çelik, K., Yilmaz, M., Marcé, R., Catalán, N., Bravo, A.G., Buck, M., Colom-Montero, W., Mustonen, K., Pierson, D., Yang, Y., Raposeiro, P.M., Gonçalves, V., Antoniou, M.G., Tsiarta, N., McCarthy, V., Perello, V.C., Feldmann, T., Laas, A., Panksep, K., Tuvikene, L., Gagala, I., Mankiewicz-Boczek, J., Yağcı, M.A., Çınar, Ş., Çapkın, K., Yağcı, A., Cesur, M., Bilgin, F., Bulut, C., Uysal, R., Obertegger, U., Boscaini, A., Flaim, G., Salmaso, N., Cerasino, L., Richardson, J., Visser, P.M., Verspagen, J.M.H., Karan, T., Soylu, E.N., Maraşlıoğlu, F., Napiórkowska-Krzebietke, A., Ochocka, A., Pasztaleniec, A., Antão-Geraldes, A.M., Vasconcelos, V., Morais, J., Vale, M., Köker, L., Akçaalan, R., Albay, M., Špoljarić Maronić, D., Stević, F., Žuna Pfeiffer, T., Fonvielle, J., Straile, D., Rothhaupt, K.O., Hansson, L.A., Urrutia-Cordero, P., Bláha, L., Geriš, R., Fránková, M., Koçer, M.A.T., Alp, M.T., Remec-Rekar, S., Elersek, T., Triantis, T., Zervou, S.K., Hiskia, A., Haande, S., Skjelbred, B., Madrecka, B., Nemova, H., Drastichova, I., Chomova, L., Edwards, C., Sevindik, T.O., Tunca, H., Önem, B., Aleksovski, B., Krstić, S., Vucelić, I.B., Nawrocka, L., Salmi, P., Machado-Vieira, D., De Oliveira, A.G., Delgado-Martín, J., García, D., Cereijo, J.L., Gomà, J., Trapote, M.C., Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T., Obrador, B., Grabowska, M., Karpowicz, M., Chmura, D., Úbeda, B., Gálvez, J.Á., Özen, A., Christoffersen, K.S., Warming, T.P., Kobos, J., Mazur-Marzec, H., Pérez-Martínez, C., Ramos-Rodríguez, E., Arvola, L., Alcaraz-Párraga, P., Toporowska, M., Pawlik-Skowronska, B., Niedźwiecki, M., Pęczuła, W., Leira, M., Hernández, A., Moreno-Ostos, E., Blanco, J.M., Rodríguez, V., Montes-Pérez, J.J., Palomino, R.L., Rodríguez-Pérez, E., Carballeira, R., Camacho, A., Picazo, A., Rochera, C., Santamans, A.C., Ferriol, C., Romo, S., Soria, J.M., Dunalska, J., Sieńska, J., Szymański, D., Kruk, M., Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, I., Jasser, I., Žutinić, P., Gligora Udovič, M., Plenković-Moraj, A., Frąk, M., Bańkowska-Sobczak, A., Wasilewicz, M., Özkan, K., Maliaka, V., Kangro, K., Grossart, H.P., Paerl, H.W., Carey, C.C., Ibelings, B.W., 2018. Temperature effects explain continental scale distribution of cyanobacterial toxins. Toxins, 10(4).

Marques, F., 2018. Regional scale sea cliff hazard assessment at sintra and cascais counties, western coast of Portugal. Geosciences (Switzerland), 8(3).

Mayoral, E., Santos, A., Gámez Vintaned, J.A., Ledesma-Vazquez, J., Baarli, B.G., Cachão, M., da Silva, C.M., Johnson, M.E., 2018. Upper Pleistocene trace fossils from Ponta das Bicudas, Santiago, Cape Verde Islands: Systematics, taphonomy and palaeoenvironmetal evolution. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 498, 83-98.

Riato, L., Leira, M., Della Bella, V., Oberholster, P.J., 2018. Development of a diatom-based multimetric index for acid mine drainage impacted depressional wetlands. Science of the Total Environment, 612, 214-222.

Sáez, A., Carballeira, R., Pueyo, J.J., Vázquez-Loureiro, D., Leira, M., Hernández, A., Valero-Garcés, B.L., Bao, R., 2018. Formation and evolution of back-barrier perched lakes in rocky coasts: An example of a Holocene system in north-west Spain.

Somelar, P., Vahur, S., Hamilton, T.S., Mahaney, W.C., Barendregt, R.W., Costa, P., 2018. Sand coatings in paleosols: Evidence of weathering across the Plio-Pleistocene boundary to modern times on Mt. Kenya. Geomorphology, 317, 91-106.

Trindade, A., Teves-Costa, P., Catita, C., 2018. A GIS-based analysis of constraints on pedestrian tsunami evacuation routes: Cascais case study (Portugal). Natural Hazards, 1-17.

2017

Abrantes, F., Rodrigues, T., Rufino, M., Salgueiro, E., Oliveira, D., Gomes, S., Oliveira, P., Costa, A., Mil-Homens, M., Drago, T., Naughton, F., 2017. The climate of the Common Era off the Iberian Peninsula. Climate of the Past, 13(12), 1901-1918.

Alcántara-Carrió, J., Sasaki, D.K., Mahiques, M.M., Taborda, R., de Souza, L.A.P., 2017. Sedimentary constraints on the development of a narrow deep strait (São Sebastião Channel, SE Brazil). Geo-Marine Letters, 37(5), 475-488.

Baarli, B., Malay, M.C.M.D., Santos, A., Johnson, M.E., Silva, C.M., Meco, J., Cachão, M., Mayoral, E.J., 2017. Miocene to Pleistocene transatlantic dispersal of Ceratoconcha coral-dwelling barnacles and North Atlantic island biogeography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 468, 520-528.

Baarli, B., Malay, M.C.M.D., Santos, A., Johnson, M.E., Silva, C.M., Meco, J., Cachão, M., Mayoral, E.J., 2017. Miocene to Pleistocene transatlantic dispersal of Ceratoconcha coral-dwelling barnacles and North Atlantic island biogeography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 468, 520-528.

Barcelos Ramos, E.J., Schulz, K.G., Voss, M., Narciso, Á., Müller, M.N., Reis, F.V., Cachão, M., Azevedo, E.B., 2017. Nutrient-specific responses of a phytoplankton community: A case study of the North Atlantic Gyre, Azores. Journal of Plankton Research, 39(4), 744-761.

Barrio-Parra, F., Rodríguez-Santalla, I., Taborda, R., Ribeiro, M., 2017. A Modeling Approach to Assess the Key Factors in the Evolution of Coastal Systems: the Ebro North Hemidelta Case. Estuaries and Coasts, 40(3), 758-772.

Bosnic, I., Cascalho, J., Taborda, R., Drago, T., Hermínio, J., Rosa, M., Dias, J., Garel, E., 2017. Nearshore sediment transport: Coupling sand tracer dynamics with oceanographic forcing. Marine Geology, 385, 293-303.

Branco, F.C., Quinta-Ferreira, M., Fernandes, I., 2017. Characteristics of aggregates used in road construction in Portugal, complying with the requirements of European Conformity (CE marking). Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 1-13.

Brito, M.C., Freitas, S., Guimarães, S., Catita, C., Redweik, P., 2017. The importance of facades for the solar PV potential of a Mediterranean city using LiDAR data. Renewable Energy, 111, 85-94.

Cabral, M.C., Fatela, F., Lopes, V., Freitas, M.C., Andrade, C., 2017. Cyprideis torosa (Jones, 1850) in mainland Portugal: What do we know? Journal of Micropalaeontology, 36(1), 94-112.

Carapuço, M.M., Taborda, R., Silveira, T.M., Andrade, C., 2017. Upstream public engagement on coastal issues: Audience response to a science-based exhibition. Ocean and Coastal Management, 144, 83-89.

Carballeira, R., Trobajo, R., Leira, M., Benito, X., Sato, S., Mann, D.G., 2017. A combined morphological and molecular approach to Nitzschia varelae sp. nov., with discussion of symmetry in Bacillariaceae. European Journal of Phycology, 52(3), 342-359.

Carmo, M.B., Cláudio, A.P., Ferreira, A., Afonso, A.P., Redweik, P., Catita, C., Brito, M.C., Silva, S., Meireles, C., 2017. Augmented reality for support decision on solar radiation harnessing, 2016 23 Encontro Portugues de Computacao Grafica e Interacao, EPCGI 2016.

Colmenar, J., Pereira, S., Sá, A.A., da Silva, C.M., Young, T.P., 2017. The highest-latitude Foliomena Fauna (Upper Ordovician, Portugal) and its palaeogeographical and palaeoecological significance. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 485, 774-783.

Costa, P.J.M., Park, Y.S., Kim, Y.D., Quintela, M., Mahaney, W.C., Dourado, F., Dawson, S., 2017. Imprints in silica grains induced during an open-channel flow experiment: Determination of microtextural signatures during aqueous transport. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 87(7), 677-687.

da Silva, C.M., 2017. Urban Geodiversity and Decorative Arts: the Curious Case of the “Rudist Tiles” of Lisbon (Portugal). Geoheritage, 1-13.

Esteves, H., Fernandes, I., Janeiro, A., Silva, A.S., Pereira, M., Medeiros, S., Nunes, J.C., 2017. Potentially Reactive Forms of Silica in Volcanic Rocks Using Different Analytical Approaches.

Ferraz, A.R., Fernandes, I., Soares, D., Silva, A.S., Quinta-Ferreira, M., 2017. Assessment of the Alteration of Granitic Rocks and its Influence on Alkalis Release.

Johnson, M.E., Uchman, A., Costa, P.J.M., Ramalho, R.S., Ávila, S.P., 2017. Intense hurricane transports sand onshore: Example from the Pliocene Malbusca section on Santa Maria Island (Azores, Portugal). Marine Geology, 385, 244-249.

Leira, M., López-Rodríguez, M.C., Carballeira, R., 2017. Epilithic diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from running waters in NW Iberian Peninsula (Galicia, Spain). Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid, 74(2).

Leira, M., Meijide-Failde, R., Torres, E., 2017. Diatom communities in thermo-mineral springs of Galicia (NW Spain). Diatom Research, 32(1), 29-42.

Mahaney, W.C., Allen, C.C.R., Pentlavalli, P., Kulakova, A., Young, J.M., Dirszowsky, R.W., West, A., Kelleher, B., Jordan, S., Pulleyblank, C., O’Reilly, S., Murphy, B.T., Lasberg, K., Somelar, P., Garneau, M., Finkelstein, S.A., Sobol, M.K., Kalm, V., Costa, P.J.M., Hancock, R.G.V., Hart, K.M., Tricart, P., Barendregt, R.W., Bunch, T.E., Milner, M.W., 2017. Biostratigraphic Evidence Relating to the Age-Old Question of Hannibal’s Invasion of Italy, I: History and Geological Reconstruction. Archaeometry, 59(1), 164-178.

Mahaney, W.C., Allen, C.C.R., Pentlavalli, P., Kulakova, A., Young, J.M., Dirszowsky, R.W., West, A., Kelleher, B., Jordan, S., Pulleyblank, C., O’Reilly, S., Murphy, B.T., Lasberg, K., Somelar, P., Garneau, M., Finkelstein, S.A., Sobol, M.K., Kalm, V., Costa, P.J.M., Hancock, R.G.V., Hart, K.M., Tricart, P., Barendregt, R.W., Bunch, T.E., Milner, M.W., 2017. Biostratigraphic Evidence Relating to the Age-Old Question of Hannibal’s Invasion of Italy, II: Chemical Biomarkers and Microbial Signatures. Archaeometry, 59(1), 179-190.

Mahaney, W.C., Somelar, P., West, A., Krinsley, D., Allen, C.C.R., Pentlavalli, P., Young, J.M., Dohm, J.M., LeCompte, M., Kelleher, B., Jordan, S.F., Pulleyblank, C., Dirszowsky, R., Costa, P., 2017. Evidence for cosmic airburst in the Western Alps archived in Late Glacial paleosols. Quaternary International, 438, 68-80.

Malafaia, E., Escaso, F., Mocho, P., Serrano-Martínez, A., Torices, A., Cachão, M., Ortega, F., 2017. Analysis of diversity, stratigraphic and geographical distribution of isolated theropod teeth from the Upper Jurassic of the Lusitanian Basin, Portugal. Journal of Iberian Geology, 43(2), 257-291.

Marques, F., Queiroz, S., Gouveia, L., Vasconcelos, M., 2017. Slope, Scarp and Sea Cliff Instability Susceptibility Mapping for Planning Regulations in Almada County, Portugal.

Medeiros, S., Ramos, V., Fernandes, I., Nunes, J.C., Fournier, B., Silva, A.S., Soares, D., 2017. Volcanic Aggregates from Azores and Madeira Archipelagos (Portugal): An Overview Regarding the Alkali Silica Reactions.

Mil-Homens, M., Vale, C., Brito, P., Naughton, F., Drago, T., Raimundo, J., Anes, B., Schmidt, S., Caetano, M., 2017. Insights of Pb isotopic signature into the historical evolution and sources of Pb contamination in a sediment core of the southwestern Iberian Atlantic shelf. Science of the Total Environment, 586, 473-484.

Moreira, S., Costa, P.J.M., Andrade, C., Ponte Lira, C., Freitas, M.C., Oliveira, M.A., Reichart, G.J., 2017. High resolution geochemical and grain-size analysis of the AD 1755 tsunami deposit: Insights into the inland extent and inundation phases. Marine Geology, 390, 94-105.

Moreno, J., Fatela, F., Leorri, E., Moreno, F., Freitas, M.C., Valente, T., Araújo, M.F., Gómez-Navarro, J.J., Guise, L., Blake, W.H., 2017. Bromine soil/sediment enrichment in tidal salt marshes as a potential indicator of climate changes driven by solar activity: New insights from W coast Portuguese estuaries. Science of the Total Environment, 580, 324-338.

Oliveira, F., Fernandes, I., 2017. Influence of geotechnical works on neighboring structures, International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, pp. 993-1002.

Redweik, P., Cláudio, A.P., Carmo, M.B., Naranjo, J.M., Sanjosé, J.J., 2017. Digital preservation of cultural and scientific heritage: Involving university students to raise awareness of its importance. Virtual Archaeology Review, 8(16), 22-34.

Redweik, P., Teves-Costa, P., Vilas-Boas, I., Santos, T., 2017. 3D City Models as a Visual Support Tool for the Analysis of Buildings Seismic Vulnerability: The Case of Lisbon. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 8(3), 308-325.

Riato, L., Della Bella, V., Leira, M., Taylor, J.C., Oberholster, P.J., 2017. A diatom functional-based approach to assess changing environmental conditions in temporary depressional wetlands. Ecological Indicators, 78, 205-213.

Riato, L., Leira, M., Bella, V.D., Oberholster, P.J., 2017. Diatom-based models for inferring water chemistry and hydrology in temporary depressional wetlands. Hydrobiologia, 797(1), 127-143.

Rybak, J., Ivannikov, A., Egorova, A., Ohotnikova, K., Fernandes, I., 2017. Some remarks on experience based geotechnical education, International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, pp. 1003-1012.

Wang, G., Li, J., Ravi, S., Scott Van Pelt, R., Costa, P.J.M., Dukes, D., 2017. Tracer techniques in aeolian research: Approaches, applications, and challenges. Earth-Science Reviews, 170, 1-16.