The Continents, Islands and Mantle group focuses on solid Earth geodynamics, with emphasis on ocean islands, continents and continental margin processes. The group investigates mantle, crustal and surface processes, with the goal of tackling critical challenges: 1) Earthquake and volcanism, from the fundamental investigation of seismogenesis and volcanogenesis to the development of innovative monitoring techniques; 2) Mineral and hydrocarbon resources, from understanding their genesis to their exploration and exploitation; 3) Understanding past environments, climates, and their evolution based on the geological record. In order to build a solid knowledge foundation that allows us to better tackle these challenges, we undertake research on the composition, structure and dynamics of the crust and mantle in different tectonic settings. Particular attention is given to the privileged natural laboratory of the Atlantic basin, with its volcanic islands, margins, and continental surroundings.

Group Leaders: Susana Custódio and João Mata

Scientific Highlights 2016

Sub-horizontal lodes of Panasqueira preserving evidence of dynamic coalescence and multiple opening, cross-cutting an early generation of sub-vertical veins.

Systems forming W, Nb, Ta and Li deposits in the European Variscan Belt
Recently, several advances have been made under the scope of the NewOreS project (ERA-MIN/0001/2014) aiming, in particular, new genetic models and exploration guides to W-Sn (Nb-Ta-Li) ores. The completion of an extensive sampling has allowed to study in great detail the mineral assemblages forming the Panasqueira lodes [Mateus et al., 2016; Martins et al., 2017]. It is now clear that the main ore stages involved multiple recurrence of various mineral phases, indicating a cyclic development of suitable conditions for their growth, conceivably related to events of magmatic-hydrothermal rejuvenation that did not affected uniformly the lode system and provided some significant chemical inputs. These data justify the use of multi-elemental indexes in the characterization of lithogeochemical anomalies, whose assessment (supported in multifractal models and singularity mapping [Gonçalves et al., 2017]) indicated additional anomalous domains that can potentially increase the resource estimation, extending the mine’s life-span.





Wide-angle velocity models (b-e) across the transitional domain, Santos Basin (in Loureiro et al., 2016). Location and gravimetric anomalies (a). Velocity-depth profiles and global averages of continental and oceanic crust (f-g).

structure of continental margins and transitional domains
The continental margins researchers of IFREMER, IDL, ISEL, UBO and partners, have been conducting research projects in collaboration with the oil industry, for the acquisition, processing and modelling of wide-angle seismic (Sanba, Magic, Salsa, Moz3-5). In 2016 the Salsa’s final report [Aslanian et al., 2016] was concluded, 21 communications were presented (A.Loureiro award winner at SEISMIX) and the Moz3-5 seismic acquisition was carried out. The results of the Sanba acquisition (2010, Santos Basin, Brazil) showed that the crust nature in the transitional domain varies in distances of less than 100 km: extremely thinned continental crust in the SW and atypical oceanic crust overlying altered mantle or reworked continental crust (exhumation and/or magmatism) in NE [Evain et al., 2015]. In order to determine the influence of the intrinsic uncertainty of velocity models in lithologic interpretation, an uncertainty calculation tool was developed [Loureiro et al., 2016], which allowed to confirm the previous interpretation. The Vmontecarlo code is open and available on the web [Vmontecarlo v3.8].




Alexandra Afilhado

Senior Researcher

Ana Cristina Azerêdo

Senior Researcher

António Brum da Silveira

Senior Researcher

António Mateus

Senior Researcher

António Ribeiro

Senior Researcher

Carlos A. Góis-Marques

PhD Student

Carlos Corela

Research Technician

Carlos Ruela Nogueira

PhD Student

Catarina Matos

PhD Student

Chiara Civiero

Postdoctoral Researcher

Eric Font

FCT Researcher

Ezequiel Ferreira

PhD Student

Fabiano Mota da Silva

PhD Student

Fernando A. Monteiro Santos

Senior Researcher

Filipa Luz

PhD Student

Francisco Fatela

Senior Researcher

Francisco José Martínez Moreno

Postdoctoral Researcher

Graça Silveira

Senior Researcher

Henrique Vicêncio

PhD Student

Ícaro F. Dias da Silva

Postdoctoral Researcher

Joana Carvalho

PhD Student

Joana Ferreira

PhD Student

Joana Ribeiro

PhD Student

João Cabral

Senior Researcher

João Mata

Senior Researcher

João Moreno

PhD Student

Jorge Ponte

PhD Student

José Brandão Silva

Senior Researcher

José Madeira

Senior Researcher

Juan Pinzón

PhD Student

Manuel Francisco Pereira

Senior Researcher

Maria Cristina Cabral

Senior Researcher

Mário Abel Gonçalves

Senior Researcher

Mário Moreira

Senior Researcher

Nuno Afonso Dias

Senior Researcher

Nuno Pimentel

Senior Researcher

Paula Teves Costa

Senior Researcher

Paulo Fonseca

Senior Researcher

Pedro Rodrigues

Research Technician

Raul Santos Jorge

Senior Researcher

Ricardo Ramalho

FCT Researcher

Ricardo Ressurreição

PhD Student

Stéphanie Dumont

Postdoctoral Researcher

Susana Custódio

Senior Researcher

Telmo Bento dos Santos

Senior Researcher

Vincent Strak

Postdoctoral Researcher


Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies, Ireland
GFZ, Postdam, Germany
Institute for Geophysics, University of Münster, Germany
Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Instituto Jaume Almera, Barcelona, Spain
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, New York, USA
School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
S. Diego State University, California, USA
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Universidad de Salamanca, Spain
Universidade da Madeira, Portugal
Universidade de Évora, Portugal
Universidade dos Açores, Portugal
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal



Bensalah MK, Youbi N, Mata J, Madeira J, Martins L, El Hachimi H, Bertrand H, Marzoli A, Bellieni G, Doblas M, Font E, Medina F, Mahmoudi A, Baraâouz EH, Miranda R, Verati C, De Min A, Ben Abbou M, Zayane R (2016) Reply to Comment on “The Jurassic-Cretaceous basaltic magmatism of the Oued El-Abid syncline (High Atlas, Morocco): Physical volcanology, geochemistry and geodynamic implications” by André Michard et al., (2013) Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 88, December 2013, Pages 101–105, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 118, 320-323. DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.03.008

Cabral MC, Fatela, F, Lopes, V, Freitas, MC, Andrade, C (2016) Cyprideis torosa (Jones, 1850) in mainland Portugal: what do we know?, Journal of Micropalaeontology, first published online August, 15, 2016. DOI: 10.1144/jmpaleo2015-031

Cabral MC, Lord AR, Dambeck R, Kunst M (2016) Ostracod evidence for the Neolithic environment of Rio Sizandro, Portugal: Part 2, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, first published online August, 12, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s12549-016-0240-5

Cassiano A B, Campaña J D R, Junior M A C, Porsani, J L, Monteiro dos Santos FA (2016) The Effects of Negative Values of Apparent Resistivity in TEM Surveys, International Journal of Geosciences, 7, 1182-1190. DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2016.710088

Civiero C, Hammond JOS, Goes S, Fishwick S, Ahmed A, Ayele A, Doubre C, Goitom B, Keir D, Kendall M, Leroy S, Ogubazghi G, Rumpker G, Stuart GW (2016) Small-scale thermal upwellings under the northern East African Rift from S travel time tomography, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. DOI: 10.1002/2016JB013070

Carvalho JF, Teves-Costa P, Almeida L, Almeida IM (2016) Seismic susceptibility map for Cascais County (Portugal): a simple approach, Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. DOI: 10.1007/s10064-016-0863-9

Coimbra R, Azerêdo AC, Cabral MC, Immenhauser A (2016) Palaeoenvironmental analysis of mid-Cretaceous coastal lagoonal deposits (Lusitanian Basin, W Portugal), Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 446, 308-325. DOI: org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.01.034

Costa, AM, Freitas, MC, Inácio, M, Fatela, F, Lopes, V, Andrade, C, Cachão, M, Mendes, PM, Sarrazola, A, Macedo, M, Bettencourt, J, Carvalho, R, Freitas, T (2016) The evolution of the northern margin of the Tagus River before the Boavista landfill: a multidisciplinary approach to a natural and anthropic sediment record, Estudos do Quaternário 14, 92-104.

Custódio S, Silveira G, Matias L, Mata I, Matos C, Palma-Oliveira JM, Rocha F, Lopes FC (2016) Educating for Earthquake Science and Risk Across Ages in a Tectonically Slowly Deforming Region, Seismological Research Letters – EduQuakes, 87(3):773—782. DOI: 10.1785/0220150239.

Custódio S, Lima V, Vales D, Cesca S, Carrilho F (2016). Imaging active faulting in a region of distributed deformation from the joint clustering of focal mechanisms and hypocentres: Application to the Azores–western Mediterranean region, Tectonophysics, 676:70–89. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.03.013.

de Mulder EFJ, Cheng Q, Agterberg F, Gonçalves M (2016) New and game-changing developments in geochemical exploration, Episodes, 39: 70-71.

Dias R, Moreira N, Ribeiro A, Basile (in press) Late Variscan deformation in the Iberian Peninsula; a late feature in the Laurentia–Gondwana dextral collision, Int J Earth Sci. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-016-1409-x

Dias R, Ribeiro A, Romão J, Coke C, Moreira N (2016) A review of the arcuate structures in the Iberian Variscides; constraints and genetic models, Tectonophysics, 681:170-194.

Dias da Silva Í, Díez Fernández, R, Díez-Montes A, González Clavijo E, Foster DA (2016) Magmatic evolution in the N-Gondwana margin related to the opening of the Rheic Ocean—evidence from the Upper Parautochthon of the Galicia-Trás-os-Montes Zone and from the Central Iberian Zone (NW Iberian Massif), International Journal of Earth Sciences, 105, 1127-1151. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-015-1232-9

Díaz-Alvarado J, Fernández C, Chichorro M, Castro A, Pereira MF (2016) Tracing the Cambro-Ordovician ferrosilicic to calc-alkaline magmatic association in Iberia by in situ U–Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronology (Gredos massif, Spanish Central System batholith), Tectonophysics 681: 95–110.

Díez Fernández R, Arenas R, Pereira MF, Sánchez-Martínez S, Albert R, Martín Parra LM, Rubio Pascual FJ, Matas J (2016) Tectonic evolution of Variscan Iberia: Gondwana–Laurussia collision revisited, Earth-Science Reviews, 162: 269-292

Díez Fernández R, Pereira MF (in press) Extensional orogenic collapse captured by strike-slip tectonics: Constraints from structural geology and U-Pb geochronology of the Pinhel shear zone (Variscan orogen, Iberian Massif), Tectonophysics. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.10.023

Domingues A, Silveira G, Ferreira A, Chang S-J, Custódio S, Fonseca J (2016) Ambient Noise Tomography of the East Africa Rift in Mozambique, Geophys J. Int., 204 (3): 1565-1578. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv538.

Dündar S, Dias NA, Silveira G, Kind R, Vinnik L, Matias L, Bianchi M (2016) Estimation of the crustal bulk properties beneath mainland Portugal from P receiver functions, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 173 (6), 1949-1970. DOI: 10.1007/s00024-016-1257-4.

El Ghilani S, Youbi N, Madeira J, Chellai EH, López-Galindo A, Martins L, Mata J (2016) Environmental implication of subaqueous lava flows from a continental Large Igneous Province: Examples from the Moroccan Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), Journal of African Earth Sciences. DOI:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.07.021

Fantasia A, Adatte T, Spagenberg J, Font E (2016) Paleoenvironmental changes associated with Deccan Volcanism, examples from terrestrial deposits from Central India, Special Issue on “Impact, Volcanism, Global Changes and Mass Extinction”, eds. Eric Font, Thierry Adatte, Sverre Planke, Henrik Svensen and Wolfram Krushner, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, 165-180. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.06.032

Fatela F, Moreno J, Cabral MC (2016) Salinity and water temperature assessment of the tidal marshes from the W Portuguese coast, as an ecological tool to the palaeoenvironmental reconstructions based on Foraminifera and Ostracoda assemblages, Estudos do Quaternário, 14, 73-81,

Font E, Adatte T, Keller G, Abrajevitch S, Sial AN, Drude de Lacerda L, Punekar J (2016) Reply to comment by Smit et al. Mercury anomaly, Deccan Traps and the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, Geology, 44 (3), 382. DOI: 10.1130/G37717Y.1

Font E, Adatte T, Sial AN, Drude de Lacerda L, Keller G, Punekar J (2016) Mercury anomaly, Deccan Traps and the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, Geology, DOI: 10.1130/G37451.1

Font E, Adatte T, Planke S, Svensen H, Kürschner W (2016) Preface: Impact, Volcanism, Global changes and Mass Extinctions. Special Issue on “Impact, Volcanism, Global Changes and Mass Extinction”, eds. Eric Font, Thierry Adatte, Sverre Planke, Henrik Svensen and Wolfram Kürschner, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, 11-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.11.001

Font E, Ponte J, Adatte T, Fantasia A, Florindo F, Abrajevitch A, Mirão J (2016) Tracing acidification induced by Deccan Phase 2 volcanism, Special Issue on “Impact, Volcanism, Global Changes and Mass Extinction”, eds. Eric Font, Thierry Adatte, Sverre Planke, Henrik Svensen and Wolfram Krushner. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, 181-197. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.06.033

Góis Marques CA, Madeira J, Menezes de Sequeira M (2016) Inventory and review of the Mio-Pleistocene São Jorge flora (Madeira Island, Portugal): palaeoecological and biogeographical implications, Journal of Systematic Paleontology (in press).

González Clavijo E, Dias da Silva Í, Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Díez Montes A, (2016) U/Pb age of a large dacitic block locked in an Early Carboniferous synorogenic mélange in the Parautochthon of NW Iberia: New insights on the structure/sedimentation Variscan interplay, Tectonophysics, 681, 159-169. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.01.001

Granier B, Azerêdo AC, Ramalho MM (accepted) Taxonomic revision of Cylindroporella? lusitanica Ramalho, 1970: in search for the origins of the Family Dasycladaceae. Island Arc.

Huang J, Koganti T, Monteiro Santos FA, Triantafilis J (2016) Mapping soil salinity and a fresh-water intrusion in three-dimensions using a quasi-3d joint-inversion of DUALEM-421S and EM34 data, Science of the Total Environment, In press. DOI:

Jesus AP, Mateus A, Munhá JM, Tassinari CGC, Bento dos Santos TM, Benoit M. (2016) Evidence for underplating in the genesis of the Variscan synorogenic Beja Layered Gabbroic Sequence (Portugal) and related mesocratic rocks, Tectonophysics, 683(30), 148-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.06.001

Johnson ME, Baarli BG, Silva CM, Cachão M, Ramalho RS, Santos A, Mayoral EJ (2016) Recent rhodolith deposits stranded on the windward shores of Maio (Cape Verde Islands): Historical resource for the local economy, J. Coastal Res., 32, 735–743. DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-15-00211.1

Loureiro A., Afilhado A., Matias L., Moulin M. and Aslanian D. (2016) Monte Carlo approach to assess the uncertainty of wide-angle layered models: Application to the Santos Basin, Brazil, Tectonophysics, 683:286-307, DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.05.040.

Mai PM, Schorlemmer D, Page M, Ampuero J-P, Asano K, Causse M, Custodio S, Fan W, Festa G, Galis M, Gallovic F, Imperatori W, Kaser M, Malytskyy D, Okuwaki R, Pollitz F, Passone L, Razafindrakoto HNT, Sekiguchi H, Song SG, Somala SN, Thingbaijam KKS, Twardzik C, van Driel M, Vyas JC, Wang R, Yagi Y, Zielke O (2016) The earthquake-source inversion validation (SIV) project, Seismological Research Letters, 87(3): 690–708. DOI: 10.1785/ 0220150231.

Marques R, Prudêncio MI, Waerenborgh JC, Rocha F, Ferreira da Silva E, Dias MI, Madeira J, Vieira BJC, Marques JG (2016) Geochemical fingerprints in topsoils of Brava island, Cape Verde, Catena, 147, 522–535. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2016.08.008

Martínez-Moreno FJ, Monteiro-Santos FA, Madeira J, Bernardo I, Soares A, Esteves M, Adão F (2016) Water prospection in volcanic islands by Time Domain Electromagnetic (TEM) surveying: the case study of the Islands of Fogo and Santo Antão in Cape Verde, Journal of Applied Geophysics, 134, 226-234. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2016.09.020

Martins AA, Cabral J, Cunha PP, Stokes M, Borges J, Caldeira B, Martins AC (2017) Tectonic and lithological controls on fluvial landscape development in central-eastern Portugal: Insights from long profile tributary stream analyses, Geomorphology 276, 144–163. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.10.012

Mata J, Martins S, Mattielli N, Madeira J, Faria B, Silva P, Moreira M, Caldeira R, Moreira M, Ramalho R, Rodrigues J, Martins L (submitted) The 2014-15 eruption and the short-term geochemical evolution of the Fogo volcano (Cape Verde): evidence for small-scale mantle heterogeneity, Submitted to Lithos (paper LITHOS-S-16-00570).

Mateus A, Munhá JM, Ribeiro A, Tassinari CCG, Sato K, Pereira E, Santos JF (2016) U–Pb SHRIMP zircon dating of high-grade rocks from the Upper Allochthonous Terrane of Bragança and Morais Massifs (NE Portugal); geodynamic consequences, Tectonophysics, 675(22), 23-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.02.048

Mendes VB, Barbosa SM, Romero I, Madeira J, Brum da Silveira A (submitted) Vertical Land Motion and Sea Level Rise in Macaronesia, Northeast Atlantic, submitted to J. Geophys. Res.

Moreno J, Fatela F, Moreno F, Leorri E, Taborda R, Trigo R (2016) Grape harvest dates as indicator of spring-summer mean maxima temperature variations in the Minho region (NW Portugal) since the 19th century, Global and Planetary Change, 141, 39-53.

Moreno J, Fatela F, Leorri E, Moreno F, Freitas MC, Valente T, Araújo MF, Gómez-Navarro JJ, Guise L, Blake WH, (accepted) Bromine soil/sediment enrichment in tidal salt marshes as a potential indicator of climate changes driven by solar activity: new insights from W coast Portuguese estuaries, STOTEN, (November 2016).

Mourgues, R, Costa, ACG, Marques, FO, Lacoste, A, Hildenbrand, A (2016) Structural consequences of cohesion in gravitational instabilities triggered by fluid overpressure: Analytical derivation and experimental testing. Journal of Structural Geology 87, 134-143.

Neres M, Silva PMF, Ikenne M, Martins S, Hafid A, Mata J, Almeida F, Youbi N, Boumehdi M (2016) Evidences for multiple remagnetization of Proterozoic dykes from Iguerda inlier (Anti-Atlas Belt, Southern Morocco), Stud. Geophys. Geod., 60, DOI: 10.1007/s11200-014-0178

Ntarmouchant A, Smaili H, Bento dos Santos TM, Dahire M, Sabri K, Ribeiro ML, Driouch Y, Santos R, Calvo R (2016) New evidence of effusive and explosive volcanism in the Lower Carboniferous formations of the Moroccan Central Hercynian Massif: geochemical data and geodynamic significance, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 115, 218-233.

Pais V, Cabral MC, Lord A, Azerêdo AC, Gallagher L (2016) Middle Jurassic Tethyan-Boreal ostracod faunal links: a case study from the Callovian of Portugal, Journal of Micropalaeontology, 35, 2, 205-228. DOI: 10.1144/jmpaleo 2015-035

Pereira MF, Albardeiro L, Gama C, Chichorro M, Hofmann M, Linnemann U (2016) Provenance of Holocene beach sand in the Western Iberian margin: the use of the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test for the deciphering of sediment recycling in a modern coastal system, Sedimentology. DOI: 10:10.1111/sed.12254

Pereira MF, Gama C, Chichorro M, Silva JB, Gutierrez-Alonso G, Hofmann M, Linnemann U (2016) Evidence for multi-cycle sedimentation and provenance constraints from detrital zircon U–Pb ages: Triassic strata of the Lusitanian basin (western Iberia), Tectonophysics, 681: 318-331

Pereira MF, Ribeiro C, Gama C, Drost K, Chichorro M, Vilallonga F, Hofmann M, Linnemann U, (2016) Provenance of upper Triassic sandstone, southwest Iberia (Alentejo and Algarve basins): tracing variability in the sources, International Journal of Earth Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-016-1295-2.

Pimentel N, Pena dos Reis, N (2016) Petroleum systems of the West Iberian Margin: a review of the Lusitanian Basin and the deep offshore Peniche Basin, Journal of Petroleum Geology, 39 (3), 305-326. DOI: 10.1111/jpg.12648

Punekar J, Keller G, Khozyem HM, Adatte T, Font E, Spagenberg J (2016) A multi-proxy approach to decode the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, Special Issue on “Impact, Volcanism, Global Changes and Mass Extinction”, eds. Eric Font, Thierry Adatte, Sverre Planke, Henrik Svensen and Wolfram Kürschner, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441, 116-136. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.08.025

Quartau R, Madeira J, Mitchell NC, Tempera F, Silva PF, Brandão F (2016) Reply to comment by Marques et al on “The insular shelves of the Faial–Pico Ridge (Azores archipelago): a morphological record of its evolution”, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17(2), 633–641. DOI: 10.1002/2015GC006180

Ramalho RS, Helffrich G, Madeira J, Cosca M, Thomas C, Quartau R, Hipólito A, Rovere A, Hearty PJ, Ávila SP (2016) The emergence and evolution of Santa Maria Island (Azores) – the conundrum of uplifting islands revisited, GSA Bull (in press). DOI: 10.1130/B31538.1

Rebelo AC, Rasser M, Kroh A, Johnson ME, Melo C, Ramalho RS, Uchman A, Zanon V, Silva L, Neto A, Berning B, Cachão M, Ávila S (2016) Rocking around a volcanic island shelf: neogene rhodolith beds from Malbusca, Santa Maria Island (Azores, NE Atlantic), Facies 62:22. DOI: 10.1007/s10347-016-0473-9

Rocha RB, Mattioli E, Duarte LV, Pittet B, Elmi S, Mouterde R, Cabral MC, Comas-Rengifo MJ, Gómez JJ, Goy A, Hesselbo SP, Jenkyns HC, Littler K, Mailliot S, Oliveira LCV, Osete ML, Perilli N, Pinto S, Ruget C, Suan G (2016) Base of the Toarcian Stage of the Lower Jurassic defined by the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) at the Peniche section (Portugal). Episodes, 39, 3, 460-481. DOI:10.18814/epiiugs/2016/v39i3/99741

Sibrant ALR, Marques FO, Hildenbrand A, Boulesteix T, Costa ACG, Catalão J (2016) Deformation in a hyperslow oceanic rift: Insights from the tectonics of the São Miguel Island (Terceira Rift, Azores). Tectonics 35 (2), 425-446.

Sultan ASA, Adel MEM, Monteiro Santos FA (2016) Geophysical investigation in the Northwestern part of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, In Press. DOI:

Tóth A, Havril T, Simon S, Galsa A, Monteiro Santos FA, Müller I, Mádl-Szõyi J (2016) Groundwater flow pattern and related environmental phenomena in complex geologic setting based on integrated model construction, Journal of Hydrology, 539, 330-344. DOI:

Uchman A, Johnson M, Rebelo A, Melo C, Cordeiro R, Ramalho RS, Ávila S (2016) Vertically-oriented trace fossil Macaronichnus segregatis from Neogene of Santa Maria Island (Azores; NE Atlantic) records a specific palaeohydrological regime on a small oceanic island, Geobios 49, 229–241. DOI: 10.1016/j.geobios.2016.01.016


Abrajevitch A, Font E, Florindo F, Roberts A (2015) Asteroid impact vs. Deccan eruptions: The origin of low magnetic susceptibility beds below the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary revisited, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 209-223. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.022

Afilhado A, Moulin M, Aslanian D, Schnurle P, Klingelhoefer F, Nouze H , Rabineau M, Leroux E, Beslier MO (2015) Deep crustal structure across a young passive margin from wide-angle and reflection seismic data (The SARDINIA Experiment) – II. Sardinia’s margin, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 186 (4-5), 331-351

Alcock JE, Martínez Catalán JR, Rubio Pascual FJ, Montes AD, Díez Fernández R, Gómez Barreiro J, Arenas R, Dias da Silva Í, González Clavijo E (2015) 2-D thermal modeling of HT-LP metamorphism in NW and Central Iberia: Implications for Variscan magmatism, rheology of the lithosphere and orogenic evolution, Tectonophysics, 657, 21-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.05.022

Ávila SP, Ramalho RS, Habermann JM, Quartau R, Kroh A, Berning B, Johnson ME, Kirby MX, Zanon V, Titschack J, Goss A, Rebelo AC, Melo C, Madeira P, Cordeiro R, Meireles RP, Bagaço L, Hipólito A, Uchman A, da Silva CM, Cachão M, Madeira J (2015) Palaeoecology, taphonomy, and preservation of a lower Pliocene shell bed (coquina) from a volcanic oceanic island (Santa Maria Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean), Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 430, 57-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.04.015

Azerêdo AC, Wright VP, Mendonça-Filho JG, Cabral MC, Duarte LV (2015) Deciphering the history of hydrologic and climatic changes on carbonate lowstand surfaces: calcrete and organic-matter/evaporite facies association on a palimpsest Middle Jurassic landscape from Portugal, Sedimentary Geology, 323, 66-91.DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.04.012

Bento dos Santos T, Tassinari CCG, Fonseca PE (2015) Diachronic collision, slab break-off and long-term high thermal flux in the Brasiliano – Pan-African orogeny: Implications for the geodynamic evolution of the Mantiqueira Province, Precambrian Research, 260, 1-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.precamres.2014.12.018

Bolacha E (2015) Modelos experimentais de formação de cadeias de montanhas no contexto dos ciclos de Wilson, Terrae Didatica, 11 (3), 127-137.

Bortolozo CA, Porsani JL, dos Santos FAM (2015) VES/TEM 1D joint inversion by using Controlled Random Search (CRS) algorithm, Journal of Applied Geophysics, 112, 157-174. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.11.014

Cabral MC, Colin JP, Azerêdo AC, Silva RL, Duarte, LV (2015) Brackish and marine ostracode assemblages from the Sinemurian of western Portugalwith description of new species, Micropaleontology, 61 (1-2), 3-24.

Carmo R, Madeira J, Ferreira T, Queiroz G, Hipólito A (2015) Volcano-tectonic structures of S. Miguel Island. In Gaspar, J.L., Guest, J.E., Duncan, A.M., Barriga, F.J.A.S. & Chester, D.K. (eds) 2015. Volcanic Geology of São Miguel Island (Azores Archipelago). Geological Society, London, Memoirs 44: 65–86. DOI: 10.1144/M44.6

Carvalho MR, Mateus A, Nunes JC, Carvalho JM (2015) Origin and chemical nature of the thermal fluids at Caldeiras da Ribeira Grande (Fogo Volcano, S. Miguel Island, Azores), Environmental Earth Sciences, 73 (6), 2793-2808. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3585-y

Costa ACG, Hildenbrand A, Marques FO, Sibrant ALR, de Campos AS (2015) Catastrophic flank collapses and slumping in Pico Island during the last 130 kyr (Pico-Faial ridge, Azores Triple Junction), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 302, 33-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.06.008

Custódio S, Dias NA, Carrilho F, Góngora E, Rio I, Marreiros C, Morais I, Alves P, Matias L (2015) Earthquakes in western Iberia: improving the understanding of lithospheric deformation in a slowly deforming region, Geophysical Journal International, 203, 127–145. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv285

Davies G, Huang J, Monteiro Santos FA, Triantafilis J (2015) Modeling coastal salinity in Quasi 2D and 3D using a DUALEM-421 and inversion software, Groundwater,53(3), 424-431.DOI: 10.1111/gwat.12231

Dias da Silva I, Díez Fernández R, Díez Montes A, González Clavijo E, Foster DA (2015, online early) Magmatic evolution in the N-Gondwana margin related to the opening of the Rheic Ocean – Evidence from the Upper Parautochthon of the Galicia-Trás-os-Montes Zone and from the Central Iberian Zone (NW Iberian Massif), International Journal of Earth Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-015-1232-9

Dias da Silva Í, Linnemann U, Hofmann M, González-Clavijo E, Díez-Montes A, Martínez Catalán JR (2015) Detrital zircon and tectonostratigraphy of the Parautochthon under the Morais Complex (NE Portugal): implications for the Variscan accretionary history of the Iberian Massif, Journal of the Geological Society, 172 (1), 45-61. DOI: 10.1144/jgs2014-005

Diaz J, Gallart J, Morais I, Silveira G, Pulgar JA, Dias NA, Ruiz M, González-Cortina J-M (2015, in press) From the Bay of Biscay to the High Atlas: completing the anisotropic characterization of the westernmost Mediterranean region, Tectonophysics, 663, 192-202. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.007

Díez Fernández R, Pereira MF, Foster DA (2015) Peralkaline and alkaline magmatism of the Ossa-Morena zone (SW Iberia): Age, source, and implications for the Paleozoic evolution of Gondwanan lithosphere, Lithosphere, 7 (1), 73-90. DOI: 10.1130/L379.1

Evain M, Afilhado A, Rigoti C, Loureiro A, Alves D, Klingelhoefer F, Schnurle P, Feld A, Fuck R, Soares J, Lima MV, Corela C, Matias L, Benabdellouahed M, Baltzer A, Rabineau M, Viana A, Moulin M, Aslanian D (2015) Deep Structure of the Santos Basin-Sao Paulo Plateau System, Se Brazil. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 120, 5401-5431.

Farzamian M, Monteiro Santos FA, Khalil MA (2015) Application of EM38 and ERT methods in estimation of saturated hydraulic conductivity in unsaturated soil, Journal of Applied Geophysics,112, 175-189. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.11.016

Farzamian M, Monteiro Santos FA, Khalil MA (2015) Estimation of unsaturated hydraulic parameters in sandstone using electrical resistivity tomography under a water injection test, Journal of Applied Geophysics, 121, 71-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2015.07.014

Fernandes P, Cogné N, Chew DM, Rodrigues B, Jorge RCGS, Marques J, Jamal D, Vasconcelos L (2015) The thermal history of the Karoo Moatize-Minjova Basin, Tete Province, Mozambique: an integrated vitrinite reflectance and apatite fission track thermochronology study, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 112, 55-72; DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.09.009 (SCI)

Font E, Fernandes S, Neres M, Carvallo C, Martins L, Madeira J, Youbi N (2015) Paleomagnetism of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) of the Algarve basin, Portugal: first insights, Tectonophysics, 663, 364-377, Special Issue on Iberia Geodynamics, eds. A. Azor. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.07.036

Frances AP, Ramalho EC, Fernandes J, Groen M, Hugman R, Khalil MA, De Plaen J, Santos FAM (2015) Contributions of hydrogeophysics to the hydrogeological conceptual model of the Albufeira-Ribeira de Quarteira coastal aquifer in Algarve, Portugal, Hydrogeology Journal, 23 (7), 1553-1572. DOI: 10.1007/s10040-015-1282-x

Ghaffari M, Rashidnejad-Omran N, Dabiri R, Santos JF, Mata J, Buchs D, McDonald I, Appel P, Garbe-Schönberg D (2015) Interaction between felsic and mafic magmas in the Salmas intrusive complex, Northwestern Iran: Constraints from petrography and geochemistry, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 111, 440-458. DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2015.06.019

Huang J, Mokhtari AR, Cohen DR, Monteiro Santos FA, Triantafilis J (2015) Modelling soil salinity across a gilgai landscape by inversion of EM38 and EM31 data, European Journal of Soil Science, 66 (5), 951-960. DOI: 10.1111/ejss.12278

Khalil MA, Monteiro Santos FA (2015) Geophysical evidence for the hydro-tectonic origin of the Sabkha El Sheikh Zwayed Lake and the shallow fresh water supplies, Northern Sinai, Egypt, Near Surface Geophysics,13, 93-101.DOI: 10.3997/1873-0604.2014047

Khalil MA, Monteiro Santos FA, Farzamian M, El-Kenawy A (2015) 2-D Fourier transform analysis of the gravitational field of Northern Sinai Peninsula, Journal of Applied Geophysics 115, 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2015.01.022

Klingelhoefer F, Evain M, Afilhado A, Rigoti C, Loureiro A, Alves D, Leprtre A, Moulin M, Schnurle P, Benabdellouahed M, Baltzer A, Rabineau M, Feld A, Viana A, Aslanian D (2015) Imaging proto-oceanic crust off the Brazilian Continental Margin, Geophysical Journal International, 200 (1), 471-488. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggu387

Külköylüoglu O, Yavuzatmaca M, Cabral MC, Colin JP (2015) Gomphocythere besnin. sp. (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from a man-made pool (Adıyaman, Turkey), Zootaxa, 3937 (3), 456-470. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3937.3.2

Madeira J, Brum da Silveira A, Hipólito A, Carmo R (2015) Active tectonics along the Eurasia-Nubia boundary: data from the central and eastern Azores Islands. In Gaspar, J.L., Guest, J.E., Duncan, A.M., Barriga, F.J.A.S. & Chester, D.K. (eds) 2015. Volcanic Geology of São Miguel Island (Azores Archipelago). Geological Society, London, Memoirs 44: 15–32. doi: 10.1144/M44.3

Mata J, Alves CF, Martins L, Miranda R, Madeira J, Pimentel N, Martins S, Azevedo MR, Youbi N, De Min A, Almeida IM, Bensalah MK, Terrinha P (2015) 40Ar/39Ar ages and petrogenesis of the West Iberian Margin onshore magmatism at the Jurassic–Cretaceous transition: Geodynamic implications and assessment of open-system processes involving saline materials, Lithos, 236-237, 156-172. DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.09.001

Mateus A, Carvalho MR, Nunes JC, Carvalho JM (2015) Influence of wall rock alteration and fluid mixing mechanisms in the chemistry of thermal fluids and mud-pool sediments at Caldeiras da Ribeira Grande (S. Miguel Island, Azores), Environmental Earth Sciences, 73 (6), 2809-2831.DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3439-7

Matos C, Silveira G, Matias L, Caldeira R, Ribeiro ML, Dias NA, Krueger F, Bento dos Santos T (2015) Upper crustal structure of Madeira Island revealed from ambient noise tomography, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 298, 136-145. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.03.017

Mériaux CA, Duarte JC, Duarte SS, Schellart WP, Chen Z, Rosas F, Mata J, Terrinha P (2015) Capture of the Canary mantle plume material by the Gibraltar arc mantle wedge during slab rollback, Geophysical Journal International, 201 (3), 1717–1721. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv120

Mhamdi N, Medina F, Trentesaux A, Font E, Belkhayat Z, Geawhari M (2015) Sedimentary evidence of palaeo-tsunami deposits along the Loukkos estuary (Moroccan Atlantic Coast), Journal of Tsunami Society International, 34(2), 83-100.

Moita P, Santos JF, Pereira MF, Costa MM, Corfu F (2015) The quartz-dioritic Hospitals intrusion (SW Iberian Massif) and its mafic microgranular enclaves – Evidence for mineral clustering, Lithos, 224, 78-100. DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.02.012

Morais I, Vinnik L, Silveira G, Kiselev S, Matias L (2015) Mantle beneath the Gibraltar arc from receiver functions, Geophysical Journal International, 200 (2), 1153-1169. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggu456

Moreira MA, Geoffroy L, Pozzi JP (2015) Magma flow pattern in dykes of the Azores revealed by anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility. J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 120: 662–690. DOI: 10.1002/2014JB010982

Moreno J, Fatela F, Leorri E, Araújo MF, Moreno F, De la Rosa JM, Freitas MC, Valente T, Corbett R (2015) Bromine enrichment in marsh sediments as a marker of environmental changes driven by Grand Solar Minima and Anthropogenic activity (Caminha, NW of Portugal), Science of the Total Environment (STOTEN), 506, 554-566. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.11.062

Moulin M, Klingelhoefer F, Afilhado A, Aslanian D, Schnurle P, Nouze H, Rabineau M , Beslier MO, Feld A (2015) Deep crustal structure across a young passive margin from wide-angle and reflection seismic data (The SARDINIA Experiment) – I. Gulf of Lion’s margin, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185 (4-5), 309-330

Neves MC, Cabral J, Luttrell K, Figueiredo P, Rockwell T, Sandwell D (2015) The effect of sea level changes on fault reactivation potential in Portugal, Tectonophysics, 658, 206-220, DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.07.023

Pereira MF (2015) Potential sources of Ediacaran strata of Iberia: a review, Geodinamica Acta, 27 (1), 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/09853111.2014.957505

Pereira MF, Castro A, Fernández C (2015) The inception of a Paleotethyan magmatic arc in Iberia, Geoscience Frontiers, 6 (2), 297-306. DOI: 10.1016/j.gsf.2014.02.006

Pereira MF, Chichorro M, Moita P, Santos JF, Sola AMR, Williams IS, Silva JB, Armstrong RA (2015) The multistage crystallization of zircon in calc-alkaline granitoids: U-Pb age constraints on the timing of Variscan tectonic activity in SW Iberia, International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104 (5), 1167-1183. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-015-1149-3

Pereira MF, El Houicha M, Chichorro M, Armstrong R, Jouhari A, El Attari A, Ennih N, Silva JB (2015) Evidence of a Paleoproterozoic basement in the Moroccan Variscan Belt (Rehamna Massif, Western Meseta), Precambrian Research, 268, 61-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.precamres.2015.07.010

Piovesan EK, Cabral MC, Boavida EA, Colin JP, Fauth G (2015) Fossocytheridea Swain & Brown and Perissocytheridea Stephenson (Ostracoda): insights into paleosalinity gradients of Late Cretaceous deposits from Brazil and Portugal, Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, 18 (1), 21-30. DOI: 10.4072/rbp.2015.1.02

Quartau R, Madeira J, Mitchell NC, Tempera F, Silva PF, Brandão F (2015) The insular shelves of the Faial-Pico Ridge: a morphological record of its geologic evolution (Azores archipelago), Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16 (5), 1401–1420. DOI: 10.1002/2015GC005733

Quintela M, Costa P, Fatela F, Drago T, Hoska N, Andrade C, Freitas MC (2015) The AD 1755 tsunami deposits onshore and offshore of Algarve (south Portugal): Sediment transport interpretations based on the study of Foraminifera assemblages, Quaternary International. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.12.029

Ramalho EC, Khalil MA, Fernandes J, Amaral H, Monteiro Santos FA (2015) Geophysical assessment of contamination due to explosives in an abandoned facility towards its hydrogeological characterization, Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(1), 649-663.DOI: 10.1007/s12665-015-4070-y

Ramalho RS, Brum da Silveira A, Fonseca PE, Madeira J, Cosca M, Cachão M, Fonseca MM, Prada SN (2015) The emergence of volcanic oceanic islands on a slow-moving plate: The example of Madeira Island, NE Atlantic, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16 (2), 522-537. DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005657

Ramalho RS, Winckler G, Madeira J, Helffrich GR, Schaefer JM, Hipólito AR, Quartau R, Adena K (2015) Hazard potential of volcanic flank collapses raised by new megatsunami evidence, Science Advances, 1 (9), e1500456. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500456

Represas P, Santos FA, Ribeiro J, Afonso A, Ribeiro J, Moreira M, Mendes-Victor LA (2015) On the Applicability of Joint Inversion of Gravity and Resistivity Data to the Study of a Tectonic Sedimentary Basin in Northern Portugal, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 172 (10), 2681-2699. DOI: 10.1007/s00024-014-0920-x

Rodrigues B, Chew DM, Jorge RCGS, Fernandes P, Veiga-Pires C, Oliveira JT (2015) Detrital zircon geochronology of the Carboniferous Baixo Alentejo Flysch Group (South Portugal) – constraints on the provenance and geodynamic evolution of the South Portuguese Zone, Journal of the Geological Society, 172 (3), 294-308. DOI: 10.1144/jgs2013-084

Sibrant ALR, Hildenbrand A, Marques FO, Costa ACG (2015) Volcano-tectonic evolution of the Santa Maria Island (Azores): Implications for paleostress evolution at the western Eurasia-Nubia plate boundary, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 291, 49-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.12.017

Sibrant ALR, Hildenbranda A, Marques FO, Weiss B, Boulesteixe T, Hübscherd C, Lüdmannf T, Costa ACG, Catalão J (2015) Morpho-structural evolution of a volcanic island developed inside an active oceanic rift: S. Miguel Island (Terceira Rift, Azores), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 301, 90-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.04.011

Sultan SA, Mekhemer HM, Monteiro Santos FA (2015) Groundwater exploration and evaluation by using geophysical interpretation (Case study: Al qantara east, north western sinai, egypt), Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 2, 199-211. DOI: 10.1007/s12517-008-0028-7

Tassinari CCG, Mateus AM, Velásquez ME, Munhá J, Lobato LM, Bello RM, Chiquini AP, Campos WF (2015) Geochronology and thermochronology of gold mineralization in the Turmalina deposit, NE of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero Region, Brazil, Ore Geology Reviews, 67, 368-381. DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2014.12.013

Teixeira J, Chaminé HI, Espinha Marques J, Carvalho JM, Pereira AJSC, Carvalho MR, Fonseca PE, Pérez-Alberti A, Rocha F (2015) A comprehensive analysis of groundwater resources using GIS and multicriteria tools (Caldas da Cavaca, Central Portugal): environmental issues, Environmental Earth Sciences, 73 (6), 2699-2715. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3602-1

Torghabeh A, Rezaee R, Moussavi-Harami R, Pimentel N (2015) Using Electrofacies Cluster Analysis to evaluate Shale-Gas Potential: Carynginia Formation, Perth Basin, Western Australia, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 10 (3), 250-271. DOI: 10.1504/IJOGCT.2015.071525

Zare E, Huang J, Monteiro Santos FA, Triantafilis J (2015) Mapping salinity in three-dimensions using a DUALEM-421 and EM inversion software, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 79 (6), 1729-1740. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2015.06.0238